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Asymptotic variance of grey-scale surface area estimators

By Anne Marie Svane
CSGB Research Reports
No. 05, March 2014

Grey-scale local algorithms have been suggested as a fast way of estimating surface area from grey-scale digital images. Their asymptotic mean has already been described. In this paper, the asymptotic behaviour of the variance is studied in isotropic and sufficiently smooth settings, resulting in a general asymptotic bound. For compact convex sets with nowhere vanishing Gaussian curvature, the asymptotics can be described more explicitly. As in the case of volume estimators, the variance is decomposed into a lattice sum and an oscillating term of at most the same magnitude.

Keywords: Grey-scale image, surface area, variance, lattice sum, Fourier integral

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