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The translation Invariant Massive Nelson Model: II. The Continuous Spectrum Below the Two-boson Threshold

By Jacob Schach Møller and Morten Grud Rasmussen
No. 02, January 2012
In this paper we continue the study of the energy-momentum spectrum of a class of translation invariant, linearly coupled, and massive Hamiltonians from non-relativistic quantum field theory. The class contains the Hamiltonians of E. Nelson [42] and H.~Fröhlich [14]. In [38,40] one of us previously investigated the structure of the ground state mass shell and the bottom of the continuous energy-momentum spectrum. Here we study the continuous energy-momentum spectrum itself up to the two-boson threshold, the threshold for energetic support of two-boson scattering states. We prove that non-threshold embedded mass shells have finite multiplicity and can accumulate only at thresholds. We furthermore establish the non-existence of singular continuous energy-momentum spectrum. Our results hold true for all values of the particle-field coupling strength but only below the two-boson threshold. The proof revolves around the construction of a certain relative velocity vector field used to construct a conjugate operator in the sense of Mourre.
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